The Wathaurung, Woi wurrung (Wurundjeri), Taungurung, Dja Dja Wurrung and Boonwurrung are the traditional owners of the various parts of the region.

The 2011 Australian census found that 7,608 people identified as being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent in the region. Darebin, Wyndham and Hume had the highest populations, and Yarra, Macedon Ranges and Moorabool the lowest. In terms of age distribution, Aboriginal residents tend to be younger than non-Aboriginal residents across all LGAs.

The largest populations reside in the Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Darebin (1,156), Wyndham (1,148) and Hume (1045). The median age of Aboriginal people in the LGAs is younger than other residents

Community consultation and engagement is essential in understanding the divergent needs of Aboriginal communities across our catchment. To better meet these needs NWMPHN aims to strengthen the voice of Aboriginal people, communities, and organisations in our needs analysis and planning of services.

To ensure that we have a collaborative and culturally respectful approach to our work we have recently completed our Innovate Reconciliation Action Plan. A key aim of our RAP is to continue to build meaningful relationships with Aboriginal communities based on respect and trust.

NWMPHN commissions a number of programs to support Aboriginal people better manage complex and chronic health needs specifically across mental health and alcohol and drug use.